A chemical peel is a cosmetic treatment used for enhancing your appearance and smoothing the texture of your skin using chemical solutions. It is applied to problematic areas of your face, neck, or hands. After the skin peels off, a new layer is regenerated. The type, dosage, and acidic Ph to be used is controlled and will be based on the condition of your skin subject for treatment.

Types Of Chemical Peels

This process should be performed by a licensed aesthetician or authorized physician. To know which is most suitable for you, let’s go over the most popular types of chemical peels from the mildest to the strongest, and their potential benefits to your skin.

The three main types of chemical peels are:

  1. Mild solution chemical peel (Enzyme Peel)
  2. Medium peel
  3. Deep peel.

Mild Solution Chemical Peels

The superficial or mild solution peels have chemical solutions that can be applied within 15 to 30 minutes by a medical aesthetician and takes one to seven days of healing. They only affect the outermost layer of skin called the epidermis and use gentle exfoliation suitable for all skin types, including sensitive skin.

The common chemicals used are alpha hydroxy acids, beta hydroxy acids, and Jessner solution. After the first treatment heals, you will have a silkier-looking appearance.

Benefits of Superficial Peels

  • Rejuvenate your face, hands, or neck
  • Diminish fine line and wrinkles
  • Smoothen coarse skin
  • Hydrate dry or sun-damaged skin
  • Control the oil production of oily skin to prevent acne break-out
  • Ease redness and irritation on acne-prone skin
  • Minimize enlarged pores
  • Diminish age spots, freckles, mild skin pigmentation
  • Fixes uneven skin tone and makes it brighter
  • Treat certain skin growths like the wart-like scaly patches on the upper layer of the skin.

Medium Solution Chemical Peels

Medium chemical peels are used to penetrate the outer and middle levels of your skin to remove defective skin cells. The procedure takes 30 to 90 minutes, depending on the extent and condition of your skin problem. A doctor should perform this peel to avoid possible blistering and scarring. The treatment requires seven to 14 days of healing.

Medium peels solution use glycolic or trichloroacetic acid and salicylic acid using different ratios and strengths depending on your skin condition. They dry up the top layers of the skin, which peels off for a few days, then allows fresh skin to develop. They produce longer-lasting rejuvenation than the superficial peels.

Benefits of Medium Peels

  • Ideal for full-blown pigmentation like brown spots and age spots
  • Treat sun-damaged skin
  • Improve deep wrinkles and acne marks
  • Improve your skin tone and balance uneven skin complexion
  • Lighten skin color
  • Supplement ideal collagen levels to strengthen skin, prevent sagging and maintain its elasticity
  • Prevent dry skin and wrinkles
  • Boost cell renewal through anti-inflammatory agents combined with strong exfoliating solutions.

Deep or Strong Solution Chemical Peels

Deep peels are used to penetrate the deeper layers of your dermis. Phenol or trichloroacetic acid, together with resorcinol and salicylic acid solution, is applied deep in the middle surface of the skin to treat damaged skin cells.

One session of treatment takes between 30 to 90 minutes. Since the treated layer of skin is deeper, it will swell for about two weeks and will redden for three weeks to two months. The doctor will give local anesthesia during treatment and prescribe a pain reliever to ease the pain and swelling after the treatment. Although full recovery will take several months, the impressive facial rejuvenation will last for up to ten years.

Benefits of Deep Peels

  • Solve severe skin imperfections
  • Prominent improvement in your skin tone
  • Powerful treatment for deep lines and wrinkles
  • Treat severely sun-damaged skin
  • Eliminate age spots, freckles, and scars
  • Treat precancerous lumps
  • Long-lasting facial rejuvenation for a more youthful look.

After Treatment Care

All these chemical peels need follow-up care after treatments. You should avoid direct sunlight after the procedure, especially during the recuperating time since the new skin is more sensitive to the sun. All patients are recommended to use sunscreens with a high sun protection factor before and after the peeling session.

Potential Side-Effects Of A Chemical Peel

There are pretreatment preparations and post-treatment care that should be carried out. If it is not properly administered by a professional aesthetician, dermatologist, or physician, chemical peels can cause infection, recurring cold sores, permanent scarring, and lightening or darkening of your skin color.

Experts caution people with dark skin against undergoing skin peels. There is a big possibility that the new skin tone will not be the same as their present skin coloring. If you have darker skin, consult an expert first before committing to treatment.

The different intensities of chemical peels provide solutions for different levels of skin concerns. If you want a better-looking complexion or badly need a skin treatment in Calgary and feel this may help you, consult a skincare specialist for further advice.